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Punalur - Freelance Writer with 11 Reviews
Punalur
62 years old
11
expertises
1.75
per word
Writer from India

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Expertise 11
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Experience

Jan 1990 – now
Freelancer

Writing languages 2

English Intermediate

Malayalam Not confirmed

Categories 5

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Editing

Education
1992 – 1994
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

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Dark Matter and Dark Energy

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Our universe is expanding more than ever, since its origin from the Big Bang, 14 billion years ago. Previously, the scientists thought it would only slow down because of the gravitational pull that attracts all matter towards the inside. But, the Hubble Space Telescope observations prove that the Universe is actually expanding rather than slowing down. This cannot happen without the presence of some other form of energy that is superior to the gravitational strength, though no one knows what it is. This incomprehensible energy, which repels matter outward, is called Dark energy. The visible matter, including the Earth, stars and billions of galaxies, made of subatomic particles clustered into atoms, constitute only 4% of the mass of the universe. We do not know the content of the other mass, except that 22% of it is the invisible substance called Dark matter, and 74% is the ever dominating Dark energy. Though both can be measured by calculating their effect on the detectable matter of the universe, it is not known whether these two are one and the same. Dark Energy Dark energy is omnipresent and its effect increases as cosmos swells. Its existence enables light to gain energy from the residual radiation if it travels through large masses, and is responsible for cosmic microwaves. When gravity becomes weaker due to the space expansion, dark energy will begin to dominate. It is assumed that it is this dark energy that is responsible for the expansion of the universe. Dark energy, which also is known as cosmological constant as well as quintessence, accelerates the expansion process by becoming an anti-gravity force. According to Albert Einstein, the empty space is seldom vacuum and has own constant energy to force the universe expand faster and faster. (A 2009 simulation of dark matter in the Universe) Opposing Einstein’s observation, new theories have evolved explaining dark energy as a new form of dynamical energy fluid that fills the space, which works against matter and normal energy. Some researchers find quantum fluctuations as the real source of the repulsive force accelerating the space expansion. However, all agrees that Dark energy, being uniform throughout the space, is behind the faster rate of acceleration of the expanding cosmos, though its density is low (6.91 × 10−27 kg/m3) compared to the density of ordinary matter or the dark matter of the galaxies. In spite of all of these observations, sceptics emphasize that it is nothing but an illusion caused by the relative movement of the Earth with the rest of the cosmos. Whatever it is, Dark energy is the greatest scientific mystery of our time. Dark Matter Dark matter is non-luminous particles of matter that exerts gravitational effects on the visible matter of galaxies and clusters of galaxies. It is dark, invisible, and covers most of the cosmic matter. Scientists could not observe it directly as it is not possible to detect it with what they have as instruments, today. But its presence is unequivocally confirmed by its gravitational effects. It is this gravity of dark matter that pulls the universe together, keeping it away from collapse. If the universe contains only detectable matter, the galaxies we see would not have emerged at all. They would only fly apart without having enough matter of gravitational force to keep them close together. In the beginning of the universe, the dominating Dark matter amplified low fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave background to make the present universe. As per astrophysics, dark matter is undetectable, non-baryonic matter which exerts gravitational effects on stars and galaxies. It is a hypothetical particle without any charge, no spin, and insignificant mass composed by quantum chromo dynamics. Also, there are chances that it might be formed out of exotic particles like axions or weakly interacting massive particles, immediately after the creation of the universe. It is interesting to note that the existence of dark matter was discovered accidentally while observing the outer regions of the Milky Way. If the efforts of scientists to recognize dark matter continue without any fulfilment in the near, such an improbability poses a question: What if the universe ends, all of a sudden? SOURCES: 1. http://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy/ 2. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2201997/Dark-energy-mystery- solved-Researchers-claim-99-996-sure-real.html#ixzz3milALumE 3. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/astronomy-links/108-cosmology-and-the-big- bang/dark- matter/658-what-s-the-difference-between-dark-matter-and-dark- energy-intermediate 4. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2201997/Dark-energy-mystery- solved-Researchers-claim-99-996-sure-real.html#ixzz3miko7b00 5. http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/dark-matter/ 6. http://hubblesite.org/hubble_discoveries/dark_energy/de- what_is_dark_energy.php

Why Women Still Die in Pregnancy in India?

Why Women Still Die in Pregnancy in India? Introduction: Maternal mortality is a human tragedy that continues unabated since human origin. Yet, the world depends on her, for its cause, maintenance and survival. The increase in the mortality rate of pregnant women reflects the health disparities in the developing world. Every two minutes, a mother dies somewhere in the world, and per year, 4 million babies meet the same fate. In India alone, above 1, 00,000 pregnant women succumb to death annually, which is 50 times above that of the developed nations. In contrast, China reported only 5,900 maternal deaths in 2013, while India recorded 18 times higher than that in the same period. Why this happens only in India, a country that boasts of 1.271 billion people, the second largest population? What is Maternal Death? Maternal death means the death of a woman during her pregnancy or within 42 days from the date of termination of her pregnancy, provided such deaths were not incidental or accidental, but caused by pregnancy management. Mothers share 22% of the population, but their health needs are ignored. This detrimental situation mirrors how the society treats women. Since maternal and infant mortality rate measures the overall development of a country, it is mandatory to adopt effective steps to alleviate it. The global maternal mortality rate (MMR) has been reduced to 45% after 1990, says the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). But in India, even after decades of efforts, the MMR is still threateningly high. The performance of the Indian policy makers for the last 50 years has been a matter of shame for the Indians. They neither did anything worth to curb the MMR, nor did they accelerate the health care infrastructure for the needy. This sort of incapability of a government exists only in India, where corruption, bribery and negligence triumph, leaving the poor mortals to doom. The success of Sri Lanka in achieving a low MMR, which is 50 folds better than India, is a clear evidence of the Indian reckless approach to the problem. Indian admin needs motivation in extending empathy, care and gratitude to the women, who uphold women’s Dharma, in all they do. Why Do These Women Die? Ever since legalizing abortion in 1971, it shared 15% of pregnancy deaths. Most of them were female foeticides, a social evil in India, due to illiteracy and social taboos. The other causes of maternal deaths are: postpartum bleeding (15%), eclampsia (10%), obstructed labour (6%), pre-existing conditions (28%), and blood clotting (3%). Factors like Malaria, diabetes, dengue, cardiovascular diseases and HIV/AIDS contribute the remaining percentages. However, the fundamental causes of maternal deaths are women’s low status, socio-cultural barriers, ignorance, delayed medical care, adverse geographical conditions, malnutrition, non- immunization, financial constraints, age, marital and gender differences, and cruelty of medical attendants. When maternal deaths occur, the social well being is thwarted, leaving one million motherless children of 1-2 years to death. (Courtesy: Indian Express article: ‘Kicked by nurse’, pregnant woman, baby die in hospital) How to face the challenge: women should not die in childbirth Though India’s MMR is reduced to 4.5 %, it is inadequate for meeting the Millennium Development Goal of 5.5%. The progress made by India through Janani Suraksha Yojana to lessen maternal and infant mortality is still far away from the target. Unless the government develops an efficient health care system for women, the MMR will never decline. Women must be educated and equipped with financial resources to meet the contingencies like medical fees, transportation, and drugs. A reliable and quality health care system can minimize the MMR, by (i) making the antenatal, intra-natal and postnatal care locally available to women, (ii) ensuring the service of skilled and motivated nurses and doctors, (iii) establishing decent emergency transportation and referral system, and (iv) implementing adequate peripheral interventions in states like Bihar and Uttar Pradesh where 85% deliveries are done in homes. The recent effort of the government in identifying 184 districts for preventing maternal and child deaths is a firm step towards it. Since maternal deaths are clustered around low income groups, quality health care should reach them safely. SOURCES: Why Masahun Khatun And 50,000 Pregnant Women Died. Feature dated September 25, 2015. Available at http://www.indiaspend.com/cover-story/why-masahun-khatun-and-500 00- pregnant-women-died-29092) ‘Kicked by nurse’, pregnant woman, baby die in hospital. Article dated Oct 7, 2015. Available at http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/pregnant-woman-baby-dies-after- kicked-by-nurse-in-government-hospital/#sthash.Sar7p4ca.dpuf Efforts to curb maternal deaths. Article dated 28th August, 2015. Available at http://www.teleg raphindia.com/1150828/jsp/nation/story_39560.jsp#.VkQkutIrLDc India has highest number of maternal deaths. Article dated May 7, 2014. available at http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/india-has-highest-number-of-maternal- deaths/#sthash.6I6Odk2r.dpuf Montgomery, A. L., Ram, U., Kumar, R., Jha, P., & for The Million Death Study Collaborators. (2014). Maternal Mortality in India: Causes and Healthcare Service Use Based on a Nationally Representative Survey. PLoS ONE, 9(1), e83331. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083331 Maternal Mortality in India - Magnitude, Causes and Concerns, Author(s): Rehana Kausar, Vol. 2, No. 2 (2005-05 - 2005-06). Available at http://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=3&issueid=58&articleid=722&actio; n=article Too many mothers still dying. Article dated July 11, 2012. Available at http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/11/opinion/osotimehin-maternal-deaths/ Why American Pregnant Women Die At A Shocking Rate — And What We Can Do To Stop It. Article dated July 28, 2016. Available at http://www.bustle.com/articles/99126-why- american-pregnant-women-die-at-a-shocking-rate-and-what-we-can-do-to Martha R. Nolan and Thuy-Linh Nguyen. Journal of Women's Health. May 2013, 22(5): 399- 401. doi:10.1089/jwh.2013.4400. Sarah J. Kilpatrick, Patricia Prentice, Robin L. Jones, and Stacie Geller. Journal of Women's Health. September 2012, 21(9): 905-909. doi:10.1089/jwh.2011.3398. Maternal mortality: how many women die in childbirth in your country? Article. Available at http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2010/apr/12/maternal-mortality-rates- millennium-development-goals Pregnancy-related deaths: A Three-year retrospective study, R. V. Bardale, MD, **P. G. Dixit, MD (Path), MD (FMT), J Indian Acad Forensic Med, 32(1) ISSN 0971-0973 Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births). Available at http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.MMRT

Beer and Sarsaparilla

Beer And Sarsaparilla Root beer and Sarsaparilla are two popular beverages produced originally by the Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans. Both were introduced as tonics, considering their medicinal properties. Initially, Sarsaparilla was made from the sarsaparilla vine, while root beer was developed from the roots of the sassafras tree. Modern root beers do not include sassafras due to its potential health hazards. These beverages own a rich history, weaved into the culture of the Americans, since long time back. The root beer is dark brown evolved from a mixture of birch oil and the dried root or bark of the sassafras tree. Sarsaparilla is a carbonated soft drink primarily made from the root of smilax ornata (sarsaparilla) root. Root Beer It was Charles Elmer Hires, who introduced the first commercial brand of the root beer, in the year 1875. Though he wanted to name the product as root tea, he branded it as root beer to sell it among the coal miners of Pennsylvania. By 1893, root beer was available all over the United States, and its non-alcoholic versions became very popular during the period of Prohibition. Sassafras Root beers are either alcoholic or non-alcoholic, and are available in carbonated or non-carbonated forms. The preservative used in almost all brands is sodium benzoate. The modern root beers are flavoured with artificial sassafras and are usually sweet, foamy, carbonated, and non-alcoholic. In addition to sassafras, other flavours of root beers are anise, burdock, cinnamon, dandelion, ginger, juniper, sarsaparilla, vanilla, wintergreen etc. For sweetening, the ingredients used are aspartame, corn syrup, honey, maple syrup, molasses, and sugar. Safrole, the root - bark extract of sassafras is banned by the FDA for making root beers in the USA. Even though production of root beers is centred in America, countries like the Philippines and Thailand also produce their versions of root beers. The tradition of brewing root beer might have originated from the fact that fermented drinks with low alcohol content, added by medicinal and nutritional ingredients, would improve the health. The recipe for making root beer is by boiling molasses syrup and water. The cooked syrup is allowed to cool for 3 hours, and the ingredients such as sassafras root, sassafras bark, and wintergreen are added to it, along with yeast. After fermenting it for 12 hours, it is strained and rebottled for the secondary fermentation, till a 2% alcohol beverage is obtained. Subsequent fermenting may lead to get a higher percentage of the alcoholic beverage. Sarsaparilla The term “Sarsaparilla” is derived from the Spanish word “zarzaparillia”, which stands for brambly vine. The Spaniards came to know about the plant from the Native Americans and brought it to Europe. It is believed that people started using it long before the root beer, and due to the dislike of sarsaparilla by some people; it led to the origin of root beer. However, sarsaparilla continued its journey as a drink, to the present status. Varieties of the plant can be seen in tropical and temperate parts of the Western hemisphere. Sarsaparilla vine has small, greenish and dark purplish red berries. The extract made from its root tastes slightly bitter. Ingredients like licorice and wintergreen were often used to reduce its flavour. Sarsaparilla Sarsaparilla contains vitamins A, B-complex, C and D, and minerals such as iron, manganese, silicon, copper, Zinc, iodine etc. The plant has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and toxic properties. It is aphrodisiac as well as a blood purifier, and is used in the treatment of skin diseases. During the period from 15th century to the 19th century, the extracts of the American sarsaparilla were used for the treatment for syphilis, and hence, they were exported to other countries, despite its usefulness against the disease was questioned throughout. However, Sarsaparilla has only positive effects upon individuals, and today, the sarsaparilla root beer has only one flavouring ingredient, and that is, the sarsaparilla itself.

Blog- Cyber Love

CYBER LOVE How many of us have not browsed through sites, I mean webs, uncountable, just in search of a woman or a man for sharing dreary life, with a will?!....., the life we live sans hope, yet clinging on, not knowing the days will end in some remote and shady corner, from where there will be no return.... Days give way to months and months to years, but the search still goes on, the dreams unfulfilled... We may haste to say a negation, but the truth is not so vague. It is clear. Crystal! Every one of us is prone in one way or another, and has traversed all through the unending wilderness of the cyber world: the eerie, fishy global cyber love! Prudence and logics have no base at all. They are shunned altogether. Cravings are what reigns over. True. And so, that truth sours....a little bitter. Mr. Right skips those tear-soured profiles one by one to land up on some tittle-tattle cheery rosy lips, the tempting lashes leashing wrecks... And the skipping slows there not....Woman, Pushkin's words: the perfect gift to doom, wipes off cutes those come queuing... flirting, chatting to end in a pensive BUZZ!!! How many hours have slipped down our fingertips: money, time and energy..; innumerable sites, adult content, dating confirmed and conferred (?!) and the hordes! It is the options. It is the cause. Beauty, health, wealth, money, access, freedom, and the very wanton life! Yes. The Lust…, the animal instinct that never gets satiated...

The Indian Life

The Indian Life “This is India! The land of dreams and romance, of fabulous wealth and fabulous poverty…the cradle of the human race, birthplace of human speech, mother of history ….the one land that all men desire to see, and having seen once, by even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined” (Twain, 1897). Yes, this is India, molding humanity through the past six thousand years, and evolving 1294 948 903 rich and poor on this day, the September 22, 2016, and adding 51 souls every minute, to make them too, either a beggar or an Ambani or someone in between. Yes, this is India in chaos, struggling in riots, terror, blasphemy, caste, creed, and water wars! The Indian life is imprisoned in fate, the philosophical abode of the defeated; the youth and the old idling their skills through selfies… their fingers moving over and again, touching the algorithms solved. Yet, the Indian poverty is left undefined. That was why Mark Twain tweeted those unforgettable lines 120 years ago, sitting inside the page-walls of his great book, “Following the Equator”; and to keep those words true, the Indian life does not change at all. Poverty, homelessness, illiteracy, slums, disease, slavery, interdependence, thuggism, and what not; all is here, and nothing is left out, except the number of gods and the god-men! They increased, more than ever, and so was the number of lingos and states. The poor became poorer, and the rich, richer. Nothing more and nothing less. Mark Twain was right. He was a genius, who saw the Indian life and its future in the bustling Mumbai streets. The life is there, in the cities, breeding every 32s of the hundreds, and sending the other 68s to doom in the hearts of the Mahatma: the 500,000 villages, where all comes in, and under one roof, the world wide web, as if in a Lulu mall. But, the Himalaya still stands elegant with its placid steep mountains, watching all, and the deep valleys, enticing all. The sun sends its molten heat over all the organics, from the West to the East, and from the North to the South, while the forests foster cobras, elephants, leopards, tigers, and the terrorists! The Indian life mirrors the marvels of the geographic entirety, and lives on the glories of the legends. The people, speaking different languages, dressing own way, worshipping the myriads of gods and godlings, riding bicycles, driving motor cars, flying planes, and all the while, eating rice, wheat or roots, and assigning caste, rashis, and the sun signs, to join hands together to become a force in the global market, increasing the GDP predicted by the policy gurus, celebrate the festivals, dearly. Yet, India is flourishing through dearths and dwindling greeneries! True; India is divine, and being so, most of its people do not always eat and drink, and what they breathe is PM2.5! That’s why we do Yoga, to tranquil the troubled mind and to keep aloof from turmoils.

Philosophy of Life

Philosophy of Life Every being born in this world has a purpose to serve by virtue of its existence. Though you may have different options to survive, you need to live on, adopting certain choices. The selection of these preferences is the philosophy of life, which is the attitude you develop for achieving the aim of life. Philosophy of life satisfies your curiosity, and this is what makes the humans different. The inquisitiveness addresses the question of what to do with the life, which you did not ask for. You are born with a life forcefully, and so you have a right to ask why you are born and the purpose. The finding of oneself, serves the philosophy in life, which is the meaning of life. Most people may undergo changes according to the circumstances, challenges, and added goals. But, some persons may not change their attitude, whatever happens, and they are called extraordinary, such as the Buddha and the Mahatma. Their philosophy is a commitment to humanity as a whole and self sacrifice. The Mahatma The philosophy of life is a hypothesis as to how to live, recognizing the existence of the fellow beings, and respecting their right to freedom and the right to live. It is done by reasoning, analyzing, and criticizing own life. Showing sympathy, kindness, brotherhood, and developing the essentials for the welfare of others, constitute the elements of the philosophy. The nature has bestowed humans with abundance, and while using it for sustenance, extend the same to others too for their survival. You do it, before others do it, and that brings meaning in one’s life; the philosophy of life. It is a give and take policy, which is simply a reaping what you sow. Knowing that the universe is sublime and static, and that you are just a tiny particle, free to swarm inside a closed container, the purpose of your life will become more clear. Because, nothing is created here, and nothing is destroyed, and all you do is change the outer form only, from one state to another, transiting to an afterlife. So, it is not why you live, it is how you live, and that is finding the reality, the truth ultimate.

Physical activity and Changing Times

Physical activity and Changing Times (memes.com) Yes, times have changed. So are the people. Everything that related to them is changing. Whether you are in India, Canada, UK, USA, Japan, or any other place in the world, all is same. (global.rakuten.com) Mechanical life, the villain! You accuse and escape; the conscience kept closed in chests in some remote corner of your mind. (inspires2rise.com) What? Telling, you’ve got no time for anything. Wake up late in the morning, rush to the office or workplace, sit before the computer raking the brain in and out, and never leaving the chair to confront myriads of problems, unresolved! (footage.framepool.com) And, unable to overcome any one thing, you return home dejectedly, to find solace in pubs, clubs or parties, and smoking grass (weed), or taking coke, crystal, smack, or meth, making a hole in your already shrunken wallet, to end up incarcerated or in the streets, begging for another puff to becoming paranoid, and risking ultimately for schizophrenia! (youthkiawaaz.com) So, when and where you get the time and place for physical activity that plays an important role in health and well being? The mechanical life, subsequent to the development of technologies, has made your life go faster than ever. (medium.com) The changing living styles, environmental degradation, and rapid urbanization have all contributed to your physical inactivity. Consequently, your overall health is left at risk, leading to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), like cancer, heart failure, stroke and type 2 diabetes. You’ll never learn that physical activity can make the heart pump blood better, improves the skeletal muscles, bones, the immune system, and all of your nervous system. You’ll never find it enhancing the blood pressure levels and lowering the body mass index (BMI). That’s why the World Health Organization (WHO) is alarmed, citing physical inactivity as the fourth-leading risk factor for global mortality, causing 3.2 million deaths each year, worldwide. Hope is not lost, yet. (psychologytoday.com) Think. An hour long physical activity can reduce 24% of the mortality. Better do it now and live with honor, or die somewhere in the dark, drug smelling hospital corner. (Punalur Chandrasekharan)

Loving Your Body

Loving Your Body Don’t you love your body marvel? The stunning face, ruddy cheeks, sensual skin, rounded breasts, narrow hip, elegant neck, lovely legs, down heart bums, and the catwalk, oh Lo! You’re an ivory work! And the man, the silent macho steamy stud look. The robust hard torso, brawny hands, sturdy thighs, broader shoulders, six packs, and the enticing gait., Oh, my baby, you’ve fallen for him! Right, a mighty man is a charmer; a conqueror! A female body is God’s aesthetic excellence. I do agree. But, tell me, how would you show these off, when most of you are confined to a chair or bed at your home or office, sipping coffee or cocktails? What’s the fun in it. Without physical activities, just doing nothing for exercise, what can you do with your god given fabulous body? Look, ever since the origin of the mankind from the forerunner Homo sapiens in the African wilds 60000 years ago, the humans have outlived from extinction only because of physical activities. If they had not travelled from continent to continents and began displaying their activity brilliance, we, the Homo sapiens sapiens would have met the same fate of annihilation, like the other species of our ancestors. Now, you keep your skin soft, clean, and glowing. You condition your hair and revitalize your face. You eat, drink, and dress well. And you are doing everything about you to look better. But, are you maintaining a lifestyle that pleases your body functioning system? The word Homo sapiens, means the wise man. Are you wise enough to make use of your body excel, through regular physical activities? At the end of the day, have you ever asked yourself, whether you’ve done your homework, meaning your system activation? Are my muscles withered or stronger? Does my skin shine? A negation as the answer will ruin you! Don’t allow that. Follow the wise. Benefits of physical activities Activities, such as quick walking, spinning, running, swimming, hiking, dancing, and digging are aerobic endurance exercises that keep your heart, lungs, and circulatory system healthy. These repetitive and rhythmic activities called cardiovascular aerobic exercises will enable you to do your daily jobs effectively. Strength exercises, like lifting weights, push ups, and rock climbing, will make your muscles become stronger. Balance exercises, such as standing on one foot, heel and toe walk, etc., will help you preventing falls. Flexibility exercise, like arm and calf stretch, as well as yoga could ease your muscles, increasing blood circulation. Physical activity makes your blood vessels strong and improves blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood lipid levels, as well as blood clotting. It reduces the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and colon cancer, and enhances mental health. So, instead of sitting hours together, creating metabolic problems, engage yourself in a 30 to 45 minutes of physical activity, daily. It will reduce your overweight.

Building a Healthy Lifestyle

Building a Healthy Lifestyle You’re born not because you’ve asked for it. Yet, you start living, since you need to interact with everything surrounding you. You get educated, acquire a degree, find a job, make money, marry and raise your children. In these activities you may build your own lifestyle, harming the environment and making 5.5 million fellow Indians die prematurely, every year, and most often ignoring that the others too have a right to live here. You eat too much, do nothing, become obese, build emotions, learn smoking, use drugs, commit violence, struggle and make hellish travels, send chemicals, gases, and particulates to pollute the air and water. Smoking weed and popping pills, you suspect, get depressed, enter vicious circle, rape, kill, become prison addict, grab cancer, diabetes, heart and lung diseases, making your children and the community pay for you, and then die a horrible death, decay and forgotten. But, truly, you can live in another way. Begin the life learning things, and knowing the way how others live, including animals, birds, plants and trees. Develop a role model, showing others how to live, and continue living by caring the environment, discarding smoking, avoiding junk food, eating nutritious food, engaging in regular physical activities, helping the needy, and save and spend money so that others also get its benefits to lead a worthy life. While doing these, spread your great culture, satiate social commitments, keeping limits to so-so community worldwide webs, while endearing the earth we live on. Just change everything about you with the ease of sliding your hands. You raise the children, adore and watch them grow, and educate them. Look after their wellbeing, nourish their body and soul, love and respect your life partner as the true bearer of mankind. Get the children married and support them to flourish. Show them that your lifestyle is the perfect living model to be imbibed, and guide them how to live longer doing physical and intellectual activities, how to interact, how to dress, and how to live humbly, by worshipping the nature and preserving its biodiversities, and saying no to drugs, smoking, and junk foods. Perform well in jobs, making the employers say well about you. Be motivated and fill it with enthusiasm to make others inspired. And loving all, and doing good, and when it is time to die, face it bravely like the captain of a sinking ship, and die with honor, to be remembered as the torch bearer of the meaning of life, making the humans thrive. Honor the dynamic lifestyle, and see the difference. Feel it. The great men of India have done this. Living a healthy lifestyle is the best contribution to humanity. Let the flowers bloom in the gardens, and the fragrance brings peace and tranquility to all.

E-commerce

E-commerce Electronic commerce, otherwise known as eCommerce or e-tail, relates to the buying and selling of products and services, as well as transfer of funds and data, through the Internet. The origin of eCommerce was in the 1960s with the introduction of Electronic Data Interchange to transact business data between individual companies. Subsequent technological development enhanced its growth, and after 1900, with the coming of eBay and Amazon as online platforms, eCommerce reached new realms in trading. Now, it uses the most advanced technologies in electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, marketing, data processing, and other online business activities. The eCommerce provides fast access 24x7, capacitating international reach, continuing to develop beyond all bounds. According to the latest eMarketer Forecast, the worldwide retail e-tail sales, excluding travel and events, is expected to reach 1.915 trillion US dollars, this year, which was 6.0% higher than the 1.55 billion global sales in 2015. The present forecast shows that the world wide eCommerce sales will accord $27 trillion by 2020. In India, eCommerce displayed a record market growth of 30% from 2011 to 2015 and was expected to reach INR 2,11,005 crore (211.005 billions) by December, as per the reports of Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI). However, being the second largest populated country in the world, boasting of 500 million internet users, the eCommerce infiltration is low in 2016, when compared to the 323 million people strong USA, despite India’s adding 6 million new users every month. The e-Commerce has a significant role in linking Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) with the Indian and cross border buyers. It plays a crucial role in connecting MSMEs with buyers all over. Key elements of Indian e-commerce are: increase in Internet users, smart phones, living standards, product range, online classifieds, and startups, like Jabon, Saavn, Makemytrip, Voonik, etc. The main stakeholders in Indian eCommerce include the major stakeholders, such as: Flipkart, Snapdeal, Amazon India, Jabong, Myntra, ebay India, Naaptol, Voodoo, School Guru, and Yepme.

The Killer Drugs

The Killer Drugs On this day, the 20 October, 2016, India recorded a 1,331,512,441 population, which is 17.84% of the world account. If this growth continues unabated, the Indian population would reach 1.388.858.000 by 2020, when India elevates itself to a supposed super power! This estimate is based on the youth dependency ratio of 46.3%, speculated by the Population Pyramid. But, the prediction can go wrong, considering the rise in deaths of youth, due to the drug abuse and other intoxication mishaps. Every day in 2014, India suffered 3,647 substance abuse caused suicides, with Kerala, recording 475 deaths, which was 10 times higher than Punjab. The National Crime Records Bureau data was not an actual, as it was based only on the confirmed drug abuse caused suicides reported by the police. The exact number would be several times higher. The recent statistics reveal that 27% of the Indian population are under the influence of drugs and other intoxicants. In the current year, Punjab ranks first in drug abuse, while Kochi stands second. Though the illicit drug usage has increased over time, the real scenario is still speculative, due to the lack of consistent surveillance and reporting. The geographical location, demographics, culture, social values, and the economy are making India the promoter of an astonishing 2 million crore-figure-worth-drug trafficking that is ruining its people. Due to drug addiction, the most affected families, communities and law enforcement are groping in the dark as to how solve the problems. The arrival of newer drugs, like heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and synthetic-psychoactive substances, in the place of the traditional cannabis, alcohol, and opium have become the catalysts to the already aggravating situation. India’s 67% of families have a minimum one member addicted to drugs, forcing them to spend more than 30% of their income for intoxication. How India will become a superpower, when most of its large population are drug addicts and starved? It’s a shame for our great India to stand a loser in combating poverty, when Srilanka, Kenya and other countries have improved much in alleviating poverty. The drug addiction and its shocking effects are destroying the young lives of India. The only way to combat the situation is a combined fact-based drug education, creative government policies, public motivation, and the active interventions of voluntary organizations. Repeated and authorized house to house visit of the voluntary organizations, with cost-free-media support, will disarm resistance from families in getting rid of this social evil.

Destination Muziris

Destination Muziris Kochi, the Queen of Arabian Sea, is located 210 kms away from Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala. The name Kochi was derived from the Malayalam word “Kochazi”, meaning small lagoon. Being one of the finest natural harbors in India, it was the venue of spice trade for several centuries. The Athirappally waterfalls Many monuments that boast of previous splendors, like Jewish Synagogue, Bolgatty Palace, Wellington Island, Vallarpadam Palli, Chottanikkara Temple, Malayattoor Palli, Kalady, Athirappally, and many more are unforgettable attractions. The Vallarpadam Basilica (Source: Augustus Binu, www.dreamsparrow.net) The Muziris Heritage The Muziris Heritage Site (MHS) extends from North Paravur to Kodungallur, and is one of the major conservation projects in India. The main places of the site are Pattanam, Chendamangalam, Chittattukara, Vadakekkara, Pallipuram, Azhikode and Methala. The name "Muziris" is associated with the Tamil name “muciri”, and has a history of 3000 years. In 1341 AD, the Muziris was wiped out from the map due to some devastating flood, which altered the geography of the region. Till then Muziris, was a flourishing port, linked to the maritime Silk Route touching the coastal regions of India, China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Russia, Oman, Persia, Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, Turkey and Italy. The Silk Road (The land routes are marked red. The sea routes are in blue) The Muziris Heritage Project is a worthy attempt to reinvent the historical and cultural importance of Muziris. The site exhibits a remarkable stage in Kerala human history that exemplifies a great cultural tradition. Several monuments, structures, markets, streets, bridges, and cemeteries are conserved as part of the project. The Muziris port city during the Sangam Period The excavations conducted by the Kerala Council for Historical Research (KCHR) glorify the Muziris trade routes, and how the Kerala people were connected with the foreign civilizations. The Muziris site gives a glimpse into our past, revealing the expertise our people had in developing the trade channels with China, Greece, Rome, Egypt, Arabia, Britain and the rest of the World.

Communicating The Essence of Life

Science: Communicating The Essence of Life (Image credit: newyorker.com) In our daily life, what we feel and see around us is the manifestation of science. It is everywhere, changing the tangible and intangible with amazing speed. Science is the continuous refining and expanding our knowledge of the universe, precipitating new questions about its functioning. (Image credit: universetoday.com) Science is an unending process that revitalizes the past, probing into the existing and theorizing the future. It is the rational investigation of any natural phenomenon to understand its underlying principles, by employing scientific methods. (Image credit: express.co.uk) Science unravels everything, known and unknown. It finds means to cure our diseases; changes our travel modes, provides shelter, causes new inventions, dissects the universe, and tries to solve most problems we face in continuing our living more comfortable. It is science: the systematic exploration of the physical and natural world, through observation and experiment, explaining how nature works. We are immersed in it, every moment, day and night, before birth, after birth, and past death. Large Hadron Collider (tunnel view) (Image credit: scienceblogs.com) Science penetrates the earth, searches the Poles, deserts, mountains, hills, and valleys, and goes deep into the oceans. Large Hadron Collider-Probing the God Particle (Image credit: forbes.com & dvorak.org) Science visits moon, mars, Venus and Saturn. It encompasses all; from the god particle Boson to quantum to plasma to dark energy to dark matter, and from the meteors to asteroids to stars to milky ways and what not! (Image credit: quantumdiaries.org) It is science: developing technologies, making robots, humanoids, Nanobots, androids and gynoids, and even conceiving self-replicating molecular machines. Science is here, there, and everywhere, generating, supporting, and converting all forms of biodiversities. It shows how the opaque becomes transparent, how liquid changes to gaseous forms, and how solids take the shapes. (Image credit: scienceinvestigators.wikispaces.com) Science makes us stand awe, and keeps us thinking, why we are made, how we are made, and from where we are made. It is knowledge, compelling us to imagine the world we own is transitory and that all forms of life are undergoing cessation to regenerate in a newer life cycle. Science is the enlightenment that forms theories and hypotheses, and revamping all into reformulation, communicating the essence of life, its purport, and the purpose.

Science and technology: the changing scenario

Science and technology: the changing scenario Blue Medical Chalkboard (Image credit: gettyimages.com) Science and technology have invaded our daily life with the extended time and space, through which we are viewing the world. The development of newer technologies, born of science, has become a symbol of increasing commercial productivity. Villarrica Volcano- Chile (Image Credit: Elite Daily) In the past, things were different. Our scientific studies were focused only on the natural processes of understanding the nature, rather than predicting its behaviors. Now, the system has changed altogether, making us slaves to the technologies, manipulating our living styles and social settings. (Image credit: ford.com) Though science and technology have endowed remarkable benefits to humanity, the impairment they inflict is greater than the gains. Over the years, the inequalities and threats to humanity have increased many folds, and so are poverty, disease, and depletion of natural resources. (Image credit: upasana-naturalresources.blogs) Development of technology has only resulted in converting our planet a landfill, with polluted air, water, and soil. (Image credit: golder.com) We cannot forget Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the several other genocides that made us vulnerable. To add to them are the several other catastrophes that are nearing from afar to strike us. It’s true, the technology itself does not do any harm, but the selfish and menacing nature of people handling it will definitely impair us. Technology has already alienated people from the real world, by alluring with its fanciful and destructive devices. We are now forced to live like robots, guided from the remote, depriving the natural living. The demon Bhasmasura chasing Lord Shiva (Image credit: templepurohit.com) The cloning technology, the offspring of science, replicates not humans, but the monsters that swallow the whole world in one gulp. And, in the near future we will be fleeing, like Shiva, from the chasing demon technology, the Bhasmaura. A click of a mouse or touching a hologram key will not be enough, then, to create a Maya Mohini, to erase the wreck.

Yoga-the holistic healing system

Yoga: the holistic healing system (Image credit: ashtangayogamiami.com) The term Yoga has received much media attention after the 2014 United Nation General Assembly declaring 21 June as the International Day of Yoga. Dutifully, millions of the world observed the first Yoga Day on 21 June 2015, along with Narendra Modi, the Indian Prime Minister, performing the feat at Rajpath in New Delhi. (Image credit: dailymail.co.uk) The Modi team of 35, 985 people, including the dignitaries from 84 nations, showed the world the beauty, rhythm, and worth of Yoga Asanas. (Image credit: bostonglobe.com) Till then, the yoga remained only as an Indian style of controlled physical activity for many, but with the UN declaration 2014, Yoga has extended its realm crossing all geographical borders. (Image credit: morungexpress.com) "This could be a kind of a foundation stone to make scientific approach to the inner well-being of the human being, a worldwide thing... It's a tremendous step for the world”, declared Sadhguru, the founder of Isha Foundation, later on. Let’s see what Yoga is in the present universal context? (Image credit: sarasavosyoga.com) Yoga means “to unite”. It’s the physical, mental, and spiritual discipline, originated in India more than 3000 years ago, and is practiced in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Yoga is a mind-body fitness practice, involving physical activity, consciousness, the breath, and energy. Ashtanga Yoga Postures (Image credit: fitnessgymyoga.com) The most known types of Yoga are Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga. It was Swami Vivekananda who introduced Yoga in the west, during the late 19th and early 20th century. It became popular only in the 1980s, solely as a system of physical exercise, rather than a holistic healing intervention. (Image credit: fitnhit.com) According to Indian traditions, Yoga is meditative and spiritual, leading to samadhi, the eternal bliss, which is the final stage of integration with the divine. Mudra and Asana (Image credit: wikipedia) The several scientific studies conducted so far on Yoga have established that it can cure cancer, schizophrenia, asthma, heart disease, and several other chronic illnesses. The relevance of observing the International Day of Yoga is evident in Yoga itself as an all encompassing healing intervention. Sources: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3193654/ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/who-will-certify-yoga-and-ayurveda/1/668471.html http://www.hathayogamysore.com/about-hatha-yoga https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Yoga_Day https://moayush.wordpress.com/2016/06/20/health-and-well-being-a-yogic-perspective/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatha_yoga http://www.yogajournal.com/yogainamericastudy/

Incarcerated Persons in Australia

Incarcerated Persons in Australia Introduction Prisons in Australia are becoming a fostering centre for the mentally impaired people, who are the victims of an inadequate national support system. This inadvertently, creates more criminalization (Segrave, 2015), causing an increased rate in the prison population. Most of them are marginalized, without enough access to social amenities. The mental health crisis and the over representation of prisoners, pose challenges to the governmental institutions, as well as the community (Fleming et al., 2011). This essay attempts to probe into the causes of higher rate of incarcerated mental disorders. Incarcerated mental illnesses The seriousness of this issue, and how this affects the society can be understood from the recent reports that the mental health problems in prisoners are greater than the mental health of the general population in Australia (Forsythe & Gaffney, 2012). The current available data reveals that around 38% of the prisoners display mental health problems (Segrave, 2015), and that the women prisoners alone show a higher rate of 50%. Most of their illnesses show a link with substance use, teen runaway, and drug addiction, warranting gender responsive interventions (DeHart et al., 2014). The extent of worsening of the mental health problem is evident from the fact that 28% of the incarcerated people are aboriginals, while they share only 3% of the Australian population. Their deep sufferings, pain, and the marginalization are crucial in the development of mental disorders. A recent study about the aboriginal prisoners has revealed that 86% of the women and 73% of men are prone to mental illnesses. The elements that aggravate woman mental illnesses are children’s intellectual disability, mothers’ obstetric problems, low birth weight of babies, child malnutrition and lack of education (Korff, 2016). Causes of incarcerated mental illnesses The rate of mental health incidents in the criminal justice system is thrice that of the general population’s rate. The main causes of mental health issues in incarceration are social isolation, non-contact with kith and kin, unemployment, reduced confidence in family support, lack of social skills and education, substance use, and homelessness (Thomas et al., 2015)a. The criminal history, drug connected convictions, adolescence, gender, ethnic, and mental health support shortages are contributory to the re-incarceration (Thomas et al., 2015)b. Conclusion Australian prisons are over-represented, and the rate of development of mental illnesses in the prisons has reached alarming proportions. Several factors, including socioeconomic problems contribute to this situation. The marginalization of the ethnic aboriginals and their resultant sufferings are pathways to incarcerated mental illnesses. Recent studies have proved that the mental health improvement facility shortages escalate mental health problems towards re-incarceration.

E-Commerce

E-commerce Electronic commerce, otherwise known as eCommerce or e-tail, relates to the buying and selling of products and services, as well as transfer of funds and data, through the Internet. The origin of eCommerce was in the 1960s with the introduction of Electronic Data Interchange to transact business data between individual companies. Subsequent technological development enhanced its growth, and after 1900, with the coming of eBay and Amazon as online platforms, eCommerce reached new realms in trading. Now, it uses the most advanced technologies in electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, marketing, data processing, and other online business activities. The eCommerce provides fast access 24x7, capacitating international reach, continuing to develop beyond all bounds. According to the latest eMarketer Forecast, the worldwide retail e-tail sales, excluding travel and events, is expected to reach 1.915 trillion US dollars, this year, which was 6.0% higher than the 1.55 billion global sales in 2015. The present forecast shows that the world wide eCommerce sales will accord $27 trillion by 2020. In India, eCommerce displayed a record market growth of 30% from 2011 to 2015 and was expected to reach INR 2,11,005 crore (211.005 billions) by December, as per the reports of Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI). However, being the second largest populated country in the world, boasting of 500 million internet users, the eCommerce infiltration is low in 2016, when compared to the 323 million people strong USA, despite India’s adding 6 million new users every month. The e-Commerce has a significant role in linking Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) with the Indian and cross border buyers. It plays a crucial role in connecting MSMEs with buyers all over. Key elements of Indian e-commerce are: increase in Internet users, smart phones, living standards, product range, online classifieds, and startups, like Jabon, Saavn, Makemytrip, Voonik, etc. The main stakeholders in Indian eCommerce include the major stakeholders, such as: Flipkart, Snapdeal, Amazon India, Jabong, Myntra, ebay India, Naaptol, Voodoo, School Guru, and Yepme.

The Indian Life

“This is India! the land of dreams and romance, of fabulous wealth and fabulous poverty…the cradle of the human race, ….the one sole country under the sun that is endowed with an imperishable interest for alien persons, …. .the one land that all men desire to see, and having seen once, by even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined” (Twain, 1897). Yes, this is India, molding humanity through the past six thousand years, and evolving 1294 948 903 rich and poor on this day, the September 22, 2016, and adding 51 souls every minute, to make them too, either a beggar or an Ambani or someone in between. Yes, this is India in chaos, struggling in riots, terror, blasphemy, caste, creed, and water wars! The Indian life is imprisoned in fate, the philosophical abode of the defeated; the youth and the old idling their skills through selfies… their fingers moving over and again, touching the algorithms solved. That was why Mark Twain tweeted those unforgettable lines 120 years ago, sitting inside the page-walls of his great book, “Following the Equator”. The Indian life has not changed at all since then. Poverty, homelessness, illiteracy, slums, disease, slavery, plundering, and what not; all is here, and nothing is left out, except the number of gods and the god-men! The poor became poorer, and the rich, richer. Nothing more and nothing less. The life is there, in the cities, breeding every 32s of the hundreds, and sending the other 68s to doom in the hearts of the Mahatma: the 500,000 villages, where all comes in, and under one roof, the world wide web, as if in a Lulu mall. But, the Himalaya still stands elegant with its placid steep mountains, watching all, and the deep valleys, enticing all. The sun sends its molten heat over all the organics, from the West to the East, and from the North to the South, while the forests foster cobras, elephants, leopards, tigers, and the terrorists! The Indian life mirrors the marvels of the geographic entirety, and lives on the glories of the legends. The people, speaking different languages, dressing own way, worshipping the myriads of gods and godlings, riding bicycles, driving motor cars, flying planes, and all the while, eating rice, wheat or roots, and assigning caste, rashis, and the sun signs, to join hands together to become a force in the global market, increasing the GDP predicted by the policy gurus, celebrate the festivals, dearly. True; India is divine, and being so, most of its people do not always eat and drink, and what they breathe is PM2.5! That’s why we do Yoga, to tranquil the troubled mind and to keep aloof from turmoils! Mark Twain’s tweets: "India had the start of the whole world in the beginning of things. She had the first civilization; she had the first accumulation of material wealth; she was populous with deep thinkers and subtle intellects; she had mines, and woods, and a fruitful soul." (Twain, 1897).

Philosophy of Life

Philosophy of Life Every being born in this world has a purpose to serve by virtue of its existence. Though you may have different options to survive, you need to live on, adopting certain choices. The selection of these preferences is the philosophy of life, which is the attitude you develop for achieving the aim of life. Philosophy of life satisfies your curiosity, and this is what makes the humans different. The inquisitiveness addresses the question of what to do with the life, which you did not ask for. You are born with a life forcefully, and so you have a right to ask why you are born and the purpose. The finding of oneself, serves the philosophy in life, which is the meaning of life. Most people may undergo changes according to the circumstances, challenges, and added goals. But, some persons may not change their attitude, whatever happens, and they are called extraordinary, such as the Buddha and the Mahatma. Their philosophy is a commitment to humanity as a whole and self sacrifice. The Mahatma The philosophy of life is a hypothesis as to how to live, recognizing the existence of the fellow beings, and respecting their right to freedom and the right to live. It is done by reasoning, analyzing, and criticizing own life. Showing sympathy, kindness, brotherhood, and developing the essentials for the welfare of others, constitute the elements of the philosophy. The nature has bestowed humans with abundance, and while using it for sustenance, extend the same to others too for their survival. You do it, before others do it, and that brings meaning in one’s life; the philosophy of life. It is a give and take policy, which is simply a reaping what you sow. Knowing that the universe is sublime and static, and that you are just a tiny particle, free to swarm inside a closed container, the purpose of your life will become more clear. Because, nothing is created here, and nothing is destroyed, and all you do is change the outer form only, from one state to another, transiting to an afterlife. So, it is not why you live, it is how you live, and that is finding the reality, the truth ultimate.

Health, Fitness and Self Esteem

Health, Fitness and Self Esteem (www.pinterest.com) Health is the total well-being of an individual’s mental, physical, and social setting, acquired through the harmonious living within oneself and the environment, without contracting any illnesses, impairments, and pain. According to the World Health Organization, health is a condition of absolute physical, mental, and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease or infirmity. Health involves aging well, longevity, life’s quality, freedom from pain, and many more, that give meaning to life. (www.shredzone.fitness.worpress.com) In contrast, fitness is the amount of physical capability of a person to perform sports, occupation, and daily activities. It is something that is within the control of a person that improves the immune system of the body, reducing disease risk. Physical fitness is the human adaptability to combat challenging situations, and is mainly achieved through proper nutrition, physical exercise, and adequate rest. (www.worldblaze.in) Several factors are integrated with fitness, as it is what tunes one’s body and mind to perfect equilibrium with nature, through endurance. An effective fitness program will not only enhance the cardio and respiratory endurances of the body, but also augments the overall fitness of a person, in addressing emergency situations. (www.theblackrhinoph.com) Fitness increases stamina, blood circulation, power (force), physical strength and flexibility, as well as speed in task performance. All these are done by coordinating the mind, body, and movement with accuracy, agility and balance. Fitness involves actions that stimulate all systems of the body, whereas health is more determined by lifestyles. Diet and regular physical activity are primary determinants of physical and mental health, which are conducive to high self esteem. Our life becomes dry without high self esteem, as it is the main driving force of emotional stability and the adjustments to the demands of life. (www.expertrain.com) Low self-esteem can lead to low resilience, lack of motivation, relationship troubles and disbelief in comfort zones. These negations in the outlook can result in depression, nervousness, suicidal ideation, obsessive behavior, hysteria, and hypochondria. Consistent and sufficient physical activities can improve self-esteem to a great extent, providing antidepressant effects. (www.mentalhealthamerica.net) Death, disease, and all incapacitating conditions are negative elements of optimal health. Wellness is the positivity in all that brings optimal health. To become successful in life, an individual must engage in regular fitness activities to evolve and maintain a positive outlook on life.

Physical activity and Changing Times

Physical activity and Changing Times (memes.com) Yes, times have changed. So are the people. Everything that related to them is changing. Whether you are in India, Canada, UK, USA, Japan, or any other place in the world, all is same. (global.rakuten.com) Mechanical life, the villain! You accuse and escape; the conscience kept closed in chests in some remote corner of your mind. (inspires2rise.com) What? Telling, you’ve got no time for anything. Wake up late in the morning, rush to the office or workplace, sit before the computer raking the brain in and out, and never leaving the chair to confront myriads of problems, unresolved! (footage.framepool.com) And, unable to overcome any one thing, you return home dejectedly, to find solace in pubs, clubs or parties, and smoking grass (weed), or taking coke, crystal, smack, or meth, making a hole in your already shrunken wallet, to end up incarcerated or in the streets, begging for another puff to becoming paranoid, and risking ultimately for schizophrenia! (youthkiawaaz.com) So, when and where you get the time and place for physical activity that plays an important role in health and well being? The mechanical life, subsequent to the development of technologies, has made your life go faster than ever. (medium.com) The changing living styles, environmental degradation, and rapid urbanization have all contributed to your physical inactivity. Consequently, your overall health is left at risk, leading to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), like cancer, heart failure, stroke and type 2 diabetes. You’ll never learn that physical activity can make the heart pump blood better, improves the skeletal muscles, bones, the immune system, and all of your nervous system. You’ll never find it enhancing the blood pressure levels and lowering the body mass index (BMI). That’s why the World Health Organization (WHO) is alarmed, citing physical inactivity as the fourth-leading risk factor for global mortality, causing 3.2 million deaths each year, worldwide. Hope is not lost, yet. (psychologytoday.com) Think. An hour long physical activity can reduce 24% of the mortality. Better do it now and live with honor, or die somewhere in the dark, drug smelling hospital corner. (Punalur Chandrasekharan)

Loving Your Body

Loving Your Body Don’t you love your body marvel? The stunning face, ruddy cheeks, sensual skin, rounded breasts, narrow hip, elegant neck, lovely legs, down heart bums, and the catwalk, oh Lo! You’re an ivory work! And the man, the silent macho steamy stud look. The robust hard torso, brawny hands, sturdy thighs, broader shoulders, six packs, and the enticing gait., Oh, my baby, you’ve fallen for him! Right, a mighty man is a charmer; a conqueror! A female body is God’s aesthetic excellence. I do agree. But, tell me, how would you show these off, when most of you are confined to a chair or bed at your home or office, sipping coffee or cocktails? What’s the fun in it. Look, ever since the origin of the mankind from the forerunner Homo sapiens in the African wilds 60000 years ago, the humans have outlived from extinction only because of physical activities. If they had not travelled from continent to continents and began displaying their activity brilliance, we, the Homo sapiens sapiens would have met the same fate of annihilation, like the other species of our ancestors. Now, you keep your skin soft, clean, and glowing. You condition your hair and revitalize your face. You eat, drink, and dress well. And you are doing everything about you to look better. But, are you maintaining a lifestyle that pleases your body functioning system? The word Homo sapiens, means the wise man. Are you wise enough to make use of your body excel, through regular physical activities? At the end of the day, have you ever asked yourself, whether you’ve done your homework, meaning your system activation? Are my muscles withered or stronger? Does my skin shine? A negation as the answer will ruin you! Don’t allow that. Follow the wise. Benefits of physical activities Activities, such as quick walking, spinning, running, swimming, hiking, dancing, and digging are aerobic endurance exercises that keep your heart, lungs, and circulatory system healthy. These repetitive and rhythmic activities called cardiovascular aerobic exercises will enable you to do your daily jobs effectively. Strength exercises, like lifting weights, push ups, and rock climbing, will make your muscles become stronger. Balance exercises, such as standing on one foot, heel and toe walk, etc., will help you preventing falls. Flexibility exercise, like arm and calf stretch, as well as yoga could ease your muscles, increasing blood circulation. Physical activity makes your blood vessels strong and improves blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood lipid levels, as well as blood clotting. It reduces the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and colon cancer, and enhances mental health. So, instead of sitting hours together, creating metabolic problems, engage yourself in a 30 to 45 minutes of physical activity, daily. It will reduce your overweight considerably.

Science: Communicating The Essence of Life

Science: Communicating The Essence of Life (Image credit: newyorker.com) In our daily life, what we feel and see around us is the manifestation of science. It is everywhere, changing the tangible and intangible with amazing speed. Science is the continuous refining and expanding our knowledge of the universe, precipitating new questions about its functioning. (Image credit: universetoday.com) Science is an unending process that revitalizes the past, probing into the existing and theorizing the future. It is the rational investigation of any natural phenomenon to understand its underlying principles, by employing scientific methods. (Image credit: express.co.uk) Science unravels everything, known and unknown. It finds means to cure our diseases; changes our travel modes, provides shelter, causes new inventions, dissects the universe, and tries to solve most problems we face in continuing our living more comfortable. It is science: the systematic exploration of the physical and natural world, through observation and experiment, explaining how nature works. We are immersed in it, every moment, day and night, before birth, after birth, and past death. Large Hadron Collider (tunnel view) (Image credit: scienceblogs.com) Science penetrates the earth, searches the Poles, deserts, mountains, hills, and valleys, and goes deep into the oceans. Large Hadron Collider-Probing the God Particle (Image credit: forbes.com & dvorak.org) Science visits moon, mars, Venus and Saturn. It encompasses all; from the god particle Boson to quantum to plasma to dark energy to dark matter, and from the meteors to asteroids to stars to milky ways and what not! (Image credit: quantumdiaries.org) It is science: developing technologies, making robots, humanoids, Nanobots, androids and gynoids, and even conceiving self-replicating molecular machines. Science is here, there, and everywhere, generating, supporting, and converting all forms of biodiversities. It shows how the opaque becomes transparent, how liquid changes to gaseous forms, and how solids take the shapes. (Image credit: scienceinvestigators.wikispaces.com) Science makes us stand awe, and keeps us thinking, why we are made, how we are made, and from where we are made. It is knowledge, compelling us to imagine the world we own is transitory and that all forms of life are undergoing cessation to regenerate in a newer life cycle. Science is the enlightenment that forms theories and hypotheses, and revamping all into reformulation, communicating the essence of life, its purport, and the purpose.

The Killer Drugs

The Killer Drugs On this day, the 20 October, 2016, India recorded a 1,331,512,441 population, which is 17.84% of the world account. If this growth continues unabated, the Indian population would reach 1.388.858.000 by 2020, when India elevates itself to a supposed super power! This estimate is based on the youth dependency ratio of 46.3%, speculated by the Population Pyramid. But, the prediction can go wrong, considering the rise in deaths of youth, due to the drug abuse and other intoxication mishaps. Every day in 2014, India suffered 3,647 substance abuse caused suicides, with Kerala, recording 475 deaths, which was 10 times higher than Punjab. The National Crime Records Bureau data was not an actual, as it was based only on the confirmed drug abuse caused suicides reported by the police. The exact number would be several times higher. The recent statistics reveal that 27% of the Indian population are under the influence of drugs and other intoxicants. In the current year, Punjab ranks first in drug abuse, while Kochi stands second. Though the illicit drug usage has increased over time, the real scenario is still speculative, due to the lack of consistent surveillance and reporting. The geographical location, demographics, culture, social values, and the economy are making India the promoter of an astonishing 2 million crore-figure-worth-drug trafficking that is ruining its people. Due to drug addiction, the most affected families, communities and law enforcement are groping in the dark as to how solve the problems. The arrival of newer drugs, like heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and synthetic-psychoactive substances, in the place of the traditional cannabis, alcohol, and opium have become the catalysts to the already aggravating situation. India’s 67% of families have a minimum one member addicted to drugs, forcing them to spend more than 30% of their income for intoxication. How India will become a superpower, when most of its large population are drug addicts and starved? It’s a shame for our great India to stand a loser in combating poverty, when Srilanka, Kenya and other countries have improved much in alleviating poverty. The drug addiction and its shocking effects are destroying the young lives of India. The only way to combat the situation is a combined fact-based drug education, creative government policies, public motivation, and the active interventions of voluntary organizations. Repeated and authorized house to house visit of the voluntary organizations, with cost-free-media support, will disarm resistance from families in getting rid of this social evil.

What Is Technology?

What Is Technology? (Image credit: pics-about-space.com) Technology is the dynamic knowledge that we put into use for making tools, processing actions, and developing materials. It is broadly defined as the material and immaterial bodies produced by applying mental and physical effort for achieving a value. That means, technology is transforming theoretical knowledge into action through skills or engineering methods. (Image credit: dailymail.co.uk) The term gained importance in the beginning of the 20th century, with the start of the Second Industrial Revolution, much before the First World War. Prior to it, the usage of the term meant only skills and methods of manufacture and craftsmanship. But, its real application began when our prehistoric ancestors discovered the way of controlling fire, increasing food source availability, and making the wheel. These enabled greater understanding and control of the environment, through converting the natural resources into simple tools. (Image credit: cybernetman.com) Today, the meaning of technology has widened to include the knowledge of techniques and processes that can be embedded in factories, machines, computers, and other devices, which can be operated without having full knowledge of its working. These technologies make us part of it, augmenting our abilities, and continue improving, to cope with the increasing or changing demands. (Image credit: bdrc.continental.com) The rapid developments in technology have evolved a new socioeconomic environment that depends more on information, facilitating competition in all fields. Our life has become easier now, and is reflected in all areas of our daily life. (Image credit: statoil.com) Technology has revolutionized our living standard and styles, and is continuing the most benefactor of modern society. The technological excellence is visible in everything we can think of, like transport and communication, construction, medical, information, entertainment, business, education, service, robotics, marine, astronomy and space science, and several other parts of human life and the biodiversities. . Hybrid Operating Room (Image credit: amipsyche.com) Since technology is the application of science to fulfill a function, we need to further its use in solving all of our problems, ultimately enabling us to control even the future. (Punalur Chandrasekharan)

Yoga: the holistic healing system

Yoga: the holistic healing system (Image credit: ashtangayogamiami.com) The term Yoga has received much media attention after the 2014 United Nation General Assembly declaring 21 June as the International Day of Yoga. Dutifully, millions of the world observed the first Yoga Day on 21 June 2015, along with Narendra Modi, the Indian Prime Minister, performing the feat at Rajpath in New Delhi. (Image credit: dailymail.co.uk) The Modi team of 35, 985 people, including the dignitaries from 84 nations, showed the world the beauty, rhythm, and worth of Yoga Asanas. (Image credit: bostonglobe.com) Till then, the yoga remained only as an Indian style of controlled physical activity for many, but with the UN declaration 2014, Yoga has extended its realm crossing all geographical borders. (Image credit: morungexpress.com) "This could be a kind of a foundation stone to make scientific approach to the inner well-being of the human being, a worldwide thing... It's a tremendous step for the world”, declared Sadhguru, the founder of Isha Foundation, later on. Let’s see what Yoga is in the present universal context? (Image credit: sarasavosyoga.com) Yoga means “to unite”. It’s the physical, mental, and spiritual discipline, originated in India more than 3000 years ago, and is practiced in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Yoga is a mind-body fitness practice, involving physical activity, consciousness, the breath, and energy. Ashtanga Yoga Postures (Image credit: fitnessgymyoga.com) The most known types of Yoga are Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga. It was Swami Vivekananda who introduced Yoga in the west, during the late 19th and early 20th century. It became popular only in the 1980s, solely as a system of physical exercise, rather than a holistic healing intervention. (Image credit: fitnhit.com) According to Indian traditions, Yoga is meditative and spiritual, leading to samadhi, the eternal bliss, which is the final stage of integration with the divine. Mudra and Asana (Image credit: wikipedia) The several scientific studies conducted so far on Yoga have established that it can cure cancer, schizophrenia, asthma, heart disease, and several other chronic illnesses. The relevance of observing the International Day of Yoga is evident in Yoga itself as an all encompassing healing intervention. Sources: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3193654/ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/who-will-certify-yoga-and-ayurveda/1/668471.html http://www.hathayogamysore.com/about-hatha-yoga https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Yoga_Day https://moayush.wordpress.com/2016/06/20/health-and-well-being-a-yogic-perspective/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatha_yoga http://www.yogajournal.com/yogainamericastudy/

The Wirtschaftwunder and Modi Reforms (Part-1)

The Wirtschaftwunder and Modi Reforms (Part-1) The Wirtschaftwunder of West Germany At the World War II (1939-45) ended, millions lost their lives and homes, and the European economy crumbled in all possible ways. Though West Germany was the most hit, it began to develop rapidly, recording an annual growth rate of 7.5%, throughout the 1950s and 1960s, which was an economic miracle, known as “Wirtschaftwunder”. The transformation overruled all comprehensions, and West Germany stands unbeaten today, and above the other major economic powers, such as the USA and Japan. Most historians believe that West Germany’s economic boom was due to the introduction of the social market economy by Ludwig Erhard in 1948, who promoted a free economic system and currency reform. For some others, it was the legacy of the economic liberalization, planning and interference of the Nazi dictatorship, and also the London Debt Agreement (LDA), which eliminated all of West Germany’s post war debts. However, the new generation socioeconomic pundits hold that the country’s growth was the result of the reconstruction boom, and neither the social market economy nor the Marshall Plan or the LDA has any evident part to play in it. Analyzing the Cause From the different perspectives on the post war economic history of the nation, it could be seen that the social market economy model gathered more significance, as it removed all economic controls of the Nazis, and the authoritarian past. The 1948 free market system was instrumental in garnering fast momentum in international trade, competition, monetary stability, and productivity. These improvements increased wages and the living standard of the people. On par with the social market economy, the post WW II reconstruction boom also supported the country’s economic growth. The intervention of the USA with the Marshall Plan freed the country from financial resource erosion, stabilizing the country, domestically. The LDA had literally acted as a boon to West Germany in achieving its socioeconomic progress, that we see today. The Post-WWII Western European Miracle (Image: j-bradford-delong.net) The long term growth rate of a country’s economy is determined by the rate of population growth and technological development. Since per capita income is linked with industrial and technological development, any impediment in the capital stock can affect the ratio. (Image: Slideshare) An increase in capital scarcity can augment capital productivity growth, leading to an enhancement of per capita income in the long term, but without a strong policy reform, this would malfunction. Thus, it is arrived that the Erhard reforms, capitalist liberalization, reconstruction, and the LDA were all contributing factors to transforming West Germany from an economically backward country into a super economic power. (To be continued-Part-2-Modi Reforms)

Demonetization and Modi Reforms (Part-2)

Demonetization and Modi Reforms (Part-2) The Modi Reforms (Image: The Quint) Now, back in India, the Modi reforms are not dissimilar from what we have seen in West Germany. Mr. Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister, who is steering the socioeconomic reforms that are supposed to make India an economic superpower, has more challenges to overcome than what West Germany’s Ludwig Erhard had to face in 1948. Indian Poverty-Inequalities (Image: thelogicalindian.com) To fight against the myriads of odds in India means to begin from poverty alleviation, socioeconomic inequalities, unemployment, linguistic and cultural barriers, corruption, water scarcities and contamination, air pollution, climate change and environmental disasters, lack of fuel resources, health disparities, imminent old age crisis, women disempowerment, illiteracy, population explosion, human trafficking, drug addiction, caste, creed, and religious atrocity, secession, terrorism, threats from China and Pakistan, and a hoard of other challenges that overwhelms any country at a juncture of transformation. 250 Chinese troops briefly entered Arunachal Pradesh, four days ago (Image: dnaindia.com) Considering how West Germany changed itself from the stage of an economically backward country into an economically powerful one, the underlying key to it was the motivation of the people to work hard, irrespective of what they got as wages. They worked consistently to reconstruct the nation from the debris of WWII. It was their sweat that increased the productivity, paving the way to economic prosperity through technological development. This motivational attitude of the Germans was the core element that made the country display its economic miracle. Believe it or not, it is true. Japan's maglev train-600km/h (Image: The Guardian) The same was the case with Japan too. Germany and Japan were literally reborn from the ashes of WW II, through building up strong employee loyalty gained via the promise of lifelong jobs and a rise in wages. The promise did wonders, and represented as increased productivity, resulting in the export of innovative products worldwide. That was an economic progress of one hundred percent! The path to prosperity for India is to move the rural poor into low wage manufacturing jobs and use the cash flow from exports to build the nation This in no way is an advocacy for repeating what Germans did there. This is India, and not Germany, nor Japan. But, India is still struggling even after 70 years of independence, and it now needs a strong and uncompromising Policy Reformer to make people work harder than before. In Germany, it was a psychological approach which worked well, as the country was in turmoil in the aftermath of WWII. The whole resources were exploited then by the occupants namely, the Soviet Union, USA, UK, and France, and it was their commitment to help the country stand again. But in India, things are different, and should be.

Demonetization and Modi Reforms (Part-3)

Demonetization and Modi Reforms (Part-3) The Word Bank’s latest report that India is surpassing China as the world’s fastest-growing economy must be read in line with the above. According to the World Bank, India is running a GDP growth of 7.3% last year to 7.6% in the current year, with an expected 7.7 percent growth in 2017, and that the gains of this achievement do not reach the marginalized general public, and are constrained only within the social groups that are well off already. The pronouncement of the World Bank indicates that Modi’s determination, which he declared at the Red Fort two years back, seems to be working around, or at least it is creating such a feeling in the onlookers, but the real picture is foggy and misty, like the haze now overpowering the capital city of India. And, STOP THE PRESS: here is the surgical strike, the inevitable, and in the very Modi style! No more is the Mahatma Gandhi face beaming from those 500 and 1000 notes! Withdrawn and banned altogether, without notice, and is error proof. Hallelujah! Bottom line The bottom line is that as an Indian layman, I need to wonder, why the government promotes the fuel price go up and down, every now and then, knowing that each inconsistency in fuel prices will affect the cost of all commodities in India. Instead of allowing the companies to make good on their “so called loss” due to the changing international oil prices, why can’t the government pay the difference off directly from the government exchequer to the companies. The cost of trying to harness the inconsistent fuel prices and the corresponding unstable and ever increasing commodity prices and the subsequent uneven burden on the general public is much, much higher than the actual paying off the difference of loss for oil companies. It is stability in all respects is the need for a nation to stand apart. Don’t you think so? The tail-ender If the Americanization was the kick starter for West Germany’s progress, the same Americanization and liberalization must change the Indian economic scenario, as well under Modi reforms. Right? References Press Trust of India, “India One Of The Most Open Economies Today: PM Modi”, October 16, 2016, NDTV Profit, http://profit.ndtv.com/news/economy/article-india-one-of-the-most-open-economies-today-pm-modi-1474950 (accessed November 8, 2016) Jammeh, Basainey Ebrahima, “The Post-War Economic Miracle in West Germany,” (July 9, 2009), SSRN, . http://ssrn.com/abstract=1743047 (accessed October 29, 2016). Reichel, Richard, “Gernany’s Postwar Growth: Economic Miracle Or Reconstruction Boom?” Cato Journal, Vol. 21, no. 3 (Winter 2002), http://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato-journal/2002/1/cj21n3-5.pdf (accessed October 29, 2016).

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